Conversion, Overlapping Religiosities, Polemics,
and Interaction: Early Modern Iberia and
This project is concerned with questions of religious change and specifically of the change brought about by forced mass conversion in late medieval/early modern Iberia. It will study adversarial relationships reconceived as dependencies, against a complex backdrop of dramatic religious change.
It departs from two convictions: Firstly, that new Converts constituted complex groups, in dialogue both among themselves and with Old Christians, and were open to the transmission and translation of ideas, images, and religious emotions. It will bring under close analysis the existence in sixteenth-century Iberia of cross-currents common to different religious groups, areas of local religiosity in which different religions overlapped, and vague or hybrid sorts of religiosity which indicate the blurring of clear ascriptions, categories, and borders including confusion, doubt, unbelief. Secondly, that the desire to eradicate difference within the majority society was always combined with the fear of infiltration and contamination, and that the disappearance of differences exacerbated the search for allegedly essential characteristics in those with Jewish and Muslim ancestors, who were generally seen by Christians as crypto-Jews or crypto-Muslims.
The project is at the same time concerned with the impact that forced conversion had on intellectual life (including the substitution of memory and re-invention of the past), and with the emergence of shifting identities and new religious attitudes. It will recalibrate the traumatic transition that led to the birth of the Inquisition and a mono-confessional Spain, and will convey the incredulous reaction of those who had to live through it, establishing what they read and what solutions they proposed.
Both aspects of overlapping and redefinition will be viewed in connection with the increasingly intense polemical engagement that was taking place in Europe, and against the backdrop of the movements of proselytization, migration, and religious conflict stimulated by the Reformation and by the Ottoman invasions. This broader framework needs to be taken into account in order properly to assess the nature of many phenomena in late-medieval/early modern Iberian intellectual and social history, and which have been exclusively attributed to the existence of Jewish and Muslim minorities in the Peninsula.
The broad framework includes the Iberian works of Islamic thought and anti-Christian polemic that were translated into European languages (Latin or vernacular), and used as a tool with which dissident elements reinforced a radical critique of Christianity and the Christian world. In the seventeenth century Islam was once more the vehicle for criticizing an intolerant Christianity, and in this process the Moriscos and their writings played a role that this project will explore.
The multi-faceted analysis of these phenomena will involve unearthing new archival material, most notably Inquisition trials, as well as numerous sixteenth- and seventeenth-century texts (both manuscripts and early modern editions) ranging from new translations of the Qur’an and other Jewish and Islamic classics (in Arabic and Hebrew) to a rich polemical literature (disputes, controversies, apologies, polemical hagiographies), as well as theological treatises on new converts, both in Latin and Spanish.
Early Stage Researchers: Four five years PhD positions. Candidates must have a Master Degree in Medieval or Early Modern History or/and Arabic and Islamic or Hebrew and Jewish Studies. Knowledge of Arabic, Hebrew, Turkish or Latin is necessary. The candidate must work on a topic of research included in the general themes and objectives of the project. Working languages will be Spanish and English.
Official transcript or equivalent of the title that enables the candidate to apply for the fellowship: Spanish “licenciatura”, Master degree or equivalent in your country. It will be needed only when the candidate selected will begin his/her contract.
Candidates which do not have a Master will have to finish one (60 credits) in the first year of the grant
PhD project statement.
Sample of work, such as published articles or book chapters or unpublished work, such as Master thesis.
References. Only names and emails of the proposed referees are needed.
PhD positions will receive 22.128, 96 per year in 14 payments of 1. 580,64 euros.
The call is open from 15 April 2013 to 31 May 2013 Interviews will take place at the end of June or
first days of July. The positions will start from October 2013.
Applications must be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org
Two Post-doctoral positions: for a two-year period extendable to five years. Candidates must have a doctorate in Medieval or Early Modern History or/and Arabic and Islamic or Hebrew and Jewish Studies. Knowledge of Arabic, Hebrew, Turkish or Latin is necessary. The candidate must work on a topic of research included in the general themes and objectives of the project. He/she will carry out his own project, but also participate in teamwork. He/she will contribute to the research activities of CORPI (such as conferences and seminars) supervise PhD students and be included in all aspects of the project. Working languages will be Spanish and English.
Official transcript or equivalent of the title that enables the candidate to apply for the fellowship (doctorate). It will be needed only when the candidate selected will begin his/her contract.
Sample of work, such as published articles or book chapters or unpublished chapter of PhD thesis.
References. Only names and emails of the proposed referees are needed.
Post-docs. will receive, in the first two year period, 26.733,28 euros divided in 14 payments of 1.909, 52 euros. If the contract is renewed for another three years, the increase in salary will be substantial. The call is open from 15 April 2013 to 31 May 2013. Interviews will take place at the end of June or first days of July. The positions will start from October 2013. Applications must be sent to email@example.com
Doctoral or post-doctoral research positions in the history of medieval law
The Maison des Sciences de l’Homme Ange Guépin (MSH, Nantes, France) is recruiting post-doctoral researchers for work on the project “RELMIN: The legal status of religious minorities in the Euro-Mediterranean world (5th-16th centuries)” (www.relmin.eu) . RELMIN is based at the MSH and is directed by John Tolan, professor of history at the University of Nantes. It is funded for five years (2010-2015) as part of the Ideas programme of the European Research Council’s Seventh Framework Programme.
European religious diversity has its roots in the practice of medieval societies. Medieval European polities, Christian and Muslim, granted protected and inferior status to selected religious minorities. RELMIN collects, publishes and studies legal texts defining the status of religious minorities in pre-modern Europe. The corpus of texts includes Roman law (in particular in the legal codes of Theodosius and Justinian), canon law (acta of Church councils, the Decretum attributed to Gratian, the Decretales), national or royal law (from “barbarian” law codes of the early Middle Ages to national compilations such as the Siete Partidas of Alfonso X of Castile in the thirteenth century), urban law (particularly the fueros in the Iberian peninsula and hisba manuals in Andalusia), rabbinical responsa, and fatwa collections. The database will contain texts in their original languages and translations into English and French, as well as an annotated bibliography on the subject. This will become a major reference tool for research in the history of minority law and of interreligious relations. Candidates should consult and familiarize themselves with the pilot edition of the database: http://www.cn-telma.fr/relmin/index/?langue=eng
The project also holds semi-annual workshops and is planning a major international conference on Religious diversity in pre-modern Europe. A series of comparative thematic studies on specific aspects of interreligious relations will allow us to compare responses to similar issues in diverse societies, from seventh-century Córdoba to fifteenth-century Krakow. The goal is to encourage collaborative interdisciplinary work by scholars from different countries with varying linguistic skills, to encourage new innovative research that cuts across traditional divides. The project will publish major works in the field: the proceedings of the various conferences and workshops, a sourcebook of selected legal texts (with translations, commentaries and annotated bibliography), and a monograph on the legal status of minorities in pre-modern Europe.
Qualifications: Applications are accepted at two levels: doctoral and postdoctoral. Doctoral candidates should be currently enrolled in a doctoral program; their thesis subjects should be related to the themes of RELMIN. Each postdoctoral candidate should have a recent PhD in history, law, language, religion or literature, with a specialisation related to the themes of RELMIN. She or he should have a high level of competence in several medieval languages and should have experience editing documents in at least one of the languages. We welcome applicants of all nationalities. Since the project’s working languages are English and French, researchers should be conversant in both (or at least in one, with some comprehension of the second).
Responsibilities of the researchers: Doctoral and post-doctoral researchers will be part of a research team based in Nantes. Their primary responsibilities will be editing the project database and participating in the organization of the semi-annual workshops. Each researcher will be given a specific thematic area corresponding to his/her particular expertise. In this area his/her tasks will include
Identifying medieval legal texts to include in the database
Identifying important secondary scholarship in the field and providing bibliographical notices for the database
Writing and editing entries on specific medieval texts
Identifying specialists in the field and inviting them to contribute to the database
Participating in regular team meetings (including periodic seminars and workshops)
Conditions of employment: Each of the researchers will be hired on a non-renewable contract (French CDD: contrat à durée déterminée). The date of the beginning of the contract will be negotiated on hiring: it will be no earlier than September 1st 2013 and no later than April 1st 2014. Each researcher will be expected to reside in Nantes for the period of employment and will be provided with office space at the MSH.
Three types of positions may be open:
Post-doctoral researcher on a one-year contract (candidate must have a doctoral degree).
“Visiting” post-doctoral researcher on a one- to three-month contract (candidate must have a doctoral degree). Please specify the desired length of contract in the letter of application.
“Visiting” post-doctoral researcher on a one- to three-month contract (candidate must be registered in a doctoral program). Please specify the desired length of contract in the letter of application.
Application procedures: Applicants should send an application, consisting of a letter of application, a clearly-presented list of sources that they propose to work on for RELMIN, a curriculum vitae, and three letters of reference. In the application letter, the candidate should indicate preferred periods of employment. All documents should be sent in PDF format to firstname.lastname@example.org by May 1st, 2013.
Contact and information:
Maison des Sciences de l'Homme Ange Guépin
5 Allée Jacques Berque
44021 Nantes cedex 1
Desired Skills & Expertise: Familiarity with or interest in learning HTML, XML, and WordPress. Strong organizational and communication skills to coordinate with project partners across campus and at other institutions. Ability to make effective use of social media for public outreach. Programming skills and/or familiarity with metadata standards desirable but not required.
Fellow's Role: The Fellow will serve as a liaison between academic departments, faculty researchers, and the Digital Libraries Initiatives (DLI) Department on NCSU?s campus. The fellow will have the opportunity to work on four NCSU-based projects involving data curation in medieval studies: the Medieval Electronic Scholarly Alliance (MESA); the Manuscript DNA project; the Siege of Jerusalem Electronic Archive (SJEA); and the Piers Plowman Electronic Archive (PPEA). The fellow will also serve as a liaison between NCSU and partners at other universities engaged in related research projects, including the Advanced Research Consortium (ARC), a meta-federation comprising MESA, the Renaissance English Knowledgebase (REKn), 18thConnect, the Networked Infrastructure for Nineteenth-Century Electronic Scholarship (NINES), and Modernist Networks (ModNets). The fellow will have the opportunity to conduct original research on data curation strategies and will be encouraged to participate actively in the larger community of CLIR postdoctoral fellows, including the cohort of fellows in the Data Curation in Medieval Studies Fellowship program. A strong emphasis will be placed not only on the ways that the Fellow can contribute to our institution, but to the professional development of the Fellow in the fields of medieval studies and library science.
Duties and Responsibilities: Study data curation strategies in use on other campuses and in other fields, including the sciences, and develop a set of recommendations for best practices for the curation of humanities data. This work will be done in consultation with the online DH Curation Guide and will form the basis of contributing new resources and information to that guide.
Seek solutions for linking humanities data and datasets to related scholarship in new forms of interactive publications; the Fellow will be encouraged to consult and seek partnerships with relevant initiatives such as Anvil Academic and Open Humanities Press as well as with ARC partners, including JSTOR, ECCO (Eighteenth Century Collections Online) and Project MUSE Present original research at professional conferences as appropriate Collaborate with software developers on the creation, modification, and augmentation of tools related to digital projects in the field (e.g., development of the Collex browser for MESA, enhancements to the fuzzy search capabilities built into SJEA and MESA to accommodate non-standardized medieval spelling practices) Conduct user testing of software and web portals using the NCSU Libraries?
Usability Research Lab:
Use social media for public outreach related to NCSU Libraries, the Data Curation Fellowship program, and medieval studies projects on which the fellow is working Participate in the organization of workshops and symposia, including digital public humanities events and meetings of the Advanced Research Consortium held on NCSU?s campus
Local Guidance and Professional Development Support: As a member of the Digital Libraries Initiatives (DLI) Department the Fellow would be a member of a 14-person team that works in the areas of data curation, digital repositories, web and mobile applications, digital media, data visualization, and geospatial data. The Fellow would participate in departmental teams and meetings, and would have the opportunity to collaborate with staff that have a variety of technical and domain-specific skill sets. The Fellow would have access to technology support and consultation services from DLI staff members as well as from the Information Technology Department, which maintains the Libraries technical infrastructure.
The Fellow would work closely with Professor Timothy Stinson in the Department of English on the four interdisciplinary projects listed above, as well as with Professor James Knowles of English, the project manager for PPEA. Cumulatively, these projects include a wide variety of data related to medieval studies, including large genomic datasets from the Manuscript DNA project, XML-encoded transcriptions and descriptions of manuscripts, images of manuscripts from SJEA and PPEA, and tens of thousands of RDF metadata records from MESA.
The Fellow would be encouraged to be part of the intellectual life of the English department, including speakers series, symposia, and workshops, and would be offered the option of teaching one or more medieval studies courses in the department during his or her tenure. The Fellow will also be joining a vibrant community of medievalists spanning the closely linked campuses of NCSU, UNC Chapel Hill, and Duke University. Opportunities include participating in the Triangle Medieval Studies Seminar, the UNC Medieval & Early Modern Lecture Series, the Duke Medieval & Renaissance Lecture Series, colloquia at the Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, and special events at the nearby National Humanities Center.